A glossary of terms used on the site
automatic stacking crane

an automated "rail mounted gantry crane"

capacity

the theoretical amount of throughput (in TEUs or moves) that a container terminal can handle in a year and is generally based on the size of the terminal's container stacking area and the capacity of its quay, which in turn is based on the length of the quay and the capacity of the ship-to-shore cranes that are available

development terminals

A terminal that by nature of its initial construction may be considered to be under development, often referred to as a “greenfield project”

draught

the vertical distance between the waterline on a ship's hull and the bottom of the hull

Drewry

Drewry Maritime Advisors, a specialist research and advisory organisation for the maritime sector

ECH

a vehicle used to stack and transport empty containers with a spreader attached to a telescopic arm that lifts and lowers empty containers up to a height of eight standard containers at a rate of six to eight moves per hour.

Empty Container Handler

a vehicle used to stack and transport empty containers with a spreader attached to a telescopic arm that lifts and lowers empty containers up to a height of eight standard containers at a rate of six to eight moves per hour.

ha

the abbreviation for hectare, a unit of measurement in the metric system equal to 100 acres, or 10,000 square metres

hectares

a unit of measurement in the metric system equal to 100 acres, or 10,000 square metres

hinterland

the geographical area that a port or terminal serves

KPIs

key performance indicators

mega max gantry/quay crane

a ship-to-shore container crane that is able to load and unload vessels that are up to 25 container rows wide and lift to a height of 46 metres

MHC

mobile harbour crane, a versatile ship-to-shore container and bulk crane that is able to load and unload vessels that are up to 19 container rows wide and lift to a height of 45 metres

move

loading a container from a quay onto a vessel or discharging a container from a vessel onto a quay; as an operating metric, moves are calculated without controlling for container size and shipping customers are invoiced by terminal operators for the number of moves performed, not the number of TEU moved 

MSC

Mediterranean Shipping Company SA, either singularly or together with its subsidiaries, jointly controlled entities and associated companies

MSC Group

MSC Group means MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company SA and its subsidiaries from time-to-time

MTY

an acronym for empty, as in empty contanier

O&D

origin and destination: cargo throughput for import to, or export from, a dedicated terminal, as opposed to cargo throughput that is stored at the terminal while being transferred from one ship to another for further shipment

OCR

Optical Character Recognition, the machine recognition of printed characters.

panamax gantry/quay crane

a ship-to-shore container crane that is able to load and unload vessels that are up to 13 container rows wide and lift to a height of 36 metres

PANYNJ

Port Authority of New Yord and New Jersey

post panamax gantry/quay crane

a ship-to-shore container crane that is able to load and unload vessels that are up to 19 container rows wide and lift to a height of 39 metres

quay crane

a ship-to-shore container crane that is able to load and unload vessels that are up to 25 container rows wide and lift to a height of 46 metres

rail mounted gantry crane

a mobile gantry crane on rails that is used for moving and stacking containers within the stacking areas of a container terminal. Rail mounted gantry cranes span up to 50 metres, are capable of lifting a container above five stacked containers and have the ability to complete twelve to 15 moves per hour.

reach stacker

a vehicle used to stack and transport containers with a spreader attached to an angled, mobile arm that lifts and lowers containers from above up to a height of eight standard containers at a rate of six to eight moves per hour.

reefer

containers with refrigeration for transporting frozen or chilled foods

ro-ro

roll-on, roll-off, a type of service sometimes provided at the TIL Terminals, where wheeled cargo is rolled on and off of ships, as opposed to being lifted and loaded/unloaded by cranes

rubber-tyred gantry crane

a mobile gantry crane running on rubber tyres, used for moving and stacking containers within the stacking areas of a container terminal. Rubber-tyred gantry cranes are capable of straddling multiple lanes of rail, road and container storage or up to seven containers in width and the ability to lift a container above six stacked containers at a rate of twelve to 15 moves per hour.

ship-to-shore gantry/quay crane

a cantilevered gantry crane with rails extending over the quayside and spreaders for loading and unloading containers to and from the length and breadth of ships and the quay at a rate of 20 to 35 moves per hour.

slot cost

the daily cost of transport on a ship for one TEU

straddle carrier

motorised container terminal vehicle that runs on rubber tyres. It can straddle up to four stacked containers and is primarily used to move containers around the terminal at a rate of ten to twelve moves per hour.

STS

ship-to-shore gantry crane. A cantilevered gantry crane with rails extending over the quayside and spreaders for loading and unloading containers to and from the length and breadth of ships and the quay at a rate of 20 to 35 moves per hour.

super-post-panamax gantry/quay cranes

 a ship-to-shore container crane that is able to load and unload vessels that are up to 23 container rows wide and lift to a height of 42 metres

terminal tractor

an elongated vehicle used for intra-terminal transportation of up to two containers at a rate of five to six moves per hour.

TEU

twenty-foot equivalent unit: the standard container used worldwide as the uniform measure of container capacity; a TEU is 20 feet (6.06 metres) long and eight feet (2.44 metres) wide and tall. A 20 foot container represents one TEU; a 40 foot container represents two TEUs

throughput

a measure of container handling activity, expressed in TEU. The two main categories of throughput are O&D and transhipment. Throughput includes the handling of imports, exports, empty containers and transhipments

tonnes

metric tonnes (equivalent to 1,000 kilograms)

top loader

a vehicle used to transport containers by lifting and lowering containers from the top using a spreader attached to a vertical arm

transhipment

a measure of throughput: a container that is stored at a terminal while being transferred from one ship to another at some point during the journey is said to be transhipped, which gives rise to transhipment throughput at an intermediate terminal between the load terminal and the discharge terminal

utilisation rate

a measure of a given terminal's operational efficiency that is calculated by dividing the terminal's actual throughput by the terminal's maximum capacity

Locations

34 operating and 1 development terminal in 22 countries

 

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